Saving The Tiger
"The Tiger is a large hearted gentleman with boundless courage and when he is exterminated-as exterminated he will be unless public opinion rallies to his support-India will be poorer by having lost the finest of her fauna". Jim Corbett
Before the arrival of the British in India these forests were the private property of the local rulers. After their ownership transferred into British hands in 1820 these forests were mercilessly exploited for the want of timber wood and lust of animal trophies. In 1858 the first comprehensive plan to protect these forest was drew up by Major Ramsay and after 36 years of careful vigilance the condition of these forest began to improve.
In 1879 these forests were declared as "Reserved forest" In 1907, a dedicated Michael Keen explored the possibilities of forming a game sanctuary. but his proposal was turn down by the Governor of the state John Hewitt.
In 1916 and 1917 the attempts to declare this forest a sanctuary by divisional forest officers E. R. Stevens and Smythies were also turn down by the then area commissioner Wyndham. During this time Colonel Jim Corbett had been roaming in these jungles looking for man-eaters. he had a thorough knowledge of these forest. In 1934 Governor of the state Sir Malcolm Hailey lent his support for turning this into a sanctuary, Smytheis tried to persuade to accord it the status of a National Park through legislation. In consultation with Jim Corbett he marked the boundaries of the proposed National Park.
The United Province National Park Act was enacted in 1936 and as a result, this became the India's first National park & world's third. Since Hailey's efforts made it possible, it was named as Hailey's National Park Area. In 1952 after the independence of India it was renamed as Ramganga National Park, In 1957 after the death of Jim Corbett it was finally renamed as the Corbett National park in honor of the hunter, naturalist, conservationist and photographer who played a major role in demarcating the park boundaries and setting it up.
The Project Tiger
In 1973 India launched one of the most prestigious and the biggest total environmental conservation project with the help of WWF -The project Tiger, and the Corbett National Park was chosen as the launching site of the project and in April 1973 it became the first Tiger reserve of the country and is one of the best protected area of the world.
While conservation & protection of the flora and fauna are irrefragable issues themselves, it is very sad that development, progress, industrialization, need and greed of human species have always suppress the need and space of the other species. We always forget that this very planet Earth is not solely our property but we share it with other species.
Today the jungle and its inhabitants not only in India but all over the globe is in trouble and there are a countless number of species which are only because of humans are on the verge of extinction. And so is the Tiger the essence of the Indian jungles. All those who think all is well in the Indian Jungles are on the wrong end, the thin fabric of believe that National Parks & Sanctuary's are free from poachers had been badly torn apart with the increasing number of poaching, in 2000 Corbett and Now Sariska is a burning example. Conservationist are asking stricter protection scientific techniques of census and forest officers to be given necessary equipments and funds to fight vested intrests.
WWF-India is the largest organisation engaged in wildlife and nature conservation in the country. Established as a Charitable Trust in 1969, it has an experience of over three decades in the field. With modest beginnings, the organisation was propelled forward by the efforts of its founders and associates who volunteered their time and energy to lend momentum to this movement.
Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation project initiated in India in 1972 to protect the Bengal Tigers. It was launched on April 1, 1973 and has become one of the most successful wildlife conservation ventures. The project aims at tiger conservation in specially constituted tiger reserves representative of various biogeographical regions throughout India. It strives to maintain a viable conservation reliant tiger population in their natural environment.
WCS saves wildlife and wild places through science, conservation action, education, and inspiring people to value nature. WCS has a long track record of achieving innovative, impactful results at scale since our founding in 1895. Wildlife Conservation Society has furthered its global mission in India since 1988.
Considering the urgency of the situation, Project Tiger has been converted into a statutory authority (NTCA) by providing enabling provisions in the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 through an amendment, viz. Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006. This forms one of the urgent recommendations of the Tiger Task Force appointed by the Prime Minister. The NTCA addresses the ecological as well as administrative concerns for conserving tigers
The Corbett Foundation, named after the legendary Jim Corbett, is a registered non - government, non - profit public charitable trust established on April 22nd 1994 by Mr. Dilip D. Khatau, Chairman of Varun Shipping Co. Ltd., Mumbai and associated group of companies including the company which owns the Infinity Resorts. Since its establishment, the Foundation has been working for the conservation of biodiversity. The Foundation is mainly funded by Mr. Khatau's companies and associates and receives project grants from WWF India, the Paul Hamlyn Foundation of UK, the Millichope Foundation of UK and various individual donors.
Wildlife Trust of India (WTI), is a non-profit conservation organisation, committed to urgent action that works towards the protection of India's wildlife. Its mission is to conserve nature, especially endangered species and threatened habitats, in partnership with communities and governments. It was formed in November 1998, in response to the rapidly deteriorating condition of the country's wildlife, with only three staff members. In 2008, WTI completed its tenth year with a team of over 100 full-time professionals and consultants, in addition to volunteers from all walks of
The WILDLIFE PROTECTION SOCIETY OF INDIA (WPSI) was founded in 1994 by Belinda Wright, its Executive Director, who was an award-winning wildlife photographer and filmmaker till she took up the cause of conservation. From its inception, WPSI's main aim has been to bring a new focus to the daunting task of tackling India's growing wildlife crisis. It does this by providing support and information to government authorities to combat poaching and the escalating illegal wildlife trade - particularly in wild tigers.
Travel Operators for Tigers (TOFT) is a unique campaign. Founded by a group of concerned Tour Operators, TOFT has now expanded to become a pioneering International collective action campaign, run by Travel Professionals, aimed at those within the nature travel industry and all visitors to India's wildlife parks, to advocate, endorse and support more responsible use of wilderness areas in India, and the Indian sub continent.